الموروث

el mawrouth

Description

Description: Description "El Mawrouth" is an annual, non-profit international scientific journal that gives publishers unrestricted opportunities to publish original research that has never been published and which is processed in a documented and scientific method. The "El Mawrouth Journal" is published by the laboratory of literature and language Studies at the Mostaganem University "Abdelhamid Ibn Badis" in Algeria, Faculty of Arabic literature and Arts. the journal covers the Turkish era until the end of the twentieth century. "El Mawrouth" Is interested in the field of linguistic and literary studies, and provides an academic platform for researchers to contribute in innovative and authentic research presented accurately and objectively, in a scientific manner which matches the specifications of the articles' arbitrators. El Mawrouth articles are published in both print and electronic editions. It is available for reading and direct download. It opens a space for all those who have scientific abilities in the field of literature and languages from inside and outside the country, by sharing science and knowledge in new topics related to its field . As a result, the journal aims to be a space for serious and scientific dialogue, starting from the tributaries of identity, and inspired by an open world view and open minded with all human streams of thought. "El Mawrouth" International Journal is published every December in four languages: Arabic, French, English and Spanish, according to the system of folders. It can issue special numbers up to two volumes per one folder in order to meet requests especially the research of students who are coming to discuss the doctoral dissertations. The magazine's supervisors hope also to expand the geographical areas of the magazine by encouraging foreign researchers to contribute in it with respecting the publishing standards according to the scientific plans that seek to build bridges of scientific and cultural communication and exchange experience. The journal seeks to value serious scientific studies and publish them to be a scientific reference for researchers, professors and students. As well as give them the opportunity to publish the results of their research, which has never been published before in order to be placed within the reach of interested and specialists .. The research goes through stages including that it is subject to arbitration by two experts specialized in the field of research in order to evaluate. A third expert may be consulted to determine the outcome of the experience if required. The expert notes shall be sent by the arbitrators to the authors for the purpose of making the required modifications to the text of the research before publication. The article, which is accepted, is published only after it has been read and revised by specialists in language and translation. The magazine publishes studies, researches and scientific articles dealing with the topics related to one of the following fields: Literary, linguistic, and artistic fields in Algeria in the first place.


8

Volumes

7

Numéros

140

Articles


حجاجية الاستعارة في الحديث النبوي الشريف

عالـم فايزة, 

الملخص: لقد حظي حقل البلاغة باهتمام الدارسين قديما وحديثا، ولاسيما الصور الاستعارية التي أثارت اهتمام الأدباء والشعراء والنقاد وحتى الفلاسفة، لكنّ البعض منهم عدّها أداة امتاع زائدة؛ لا أداة تعليم وفائدة، بل اعتبروها أداة للتضليل والتلبيس، إلا أنّ واقع الحال؛ أفضى إلى الحقيقة الكامنة لهذا الجانب اللغوي العميق؛ عمق الذات الإنسانية، ليبقى القصد من أية ممارسة خطابية هو الذي يحدد فوائد الصور الاستعارية أو أضرارها. لذلك لا بد من الانتباه إلى ما تحمله إلينا ونُحمِّلُها إياه. لذلك نسعى من خلال هذا المقال إلى دراسة الصور الاستعارية في بعدها الحجاجي والإقناعي، بالاعتماد على أحاديث النبي ﷺ التي تراءت لنا حجاجيتها في مختلف المواطن العقائدية، والأخلاقية، لنبرز كيفية اشتغال الاستعارة حجاجيا، وقدرتها على الإقناع والإمتاع معا، وذكر نوع الحجة المتضمنة وفق تصنيف شايم بيرلمان. لنصل في الأخير إلى مدى غنى الأحاديث النبوية بصور استعارية بديعة، ذات شحنة حجاجية إقناعية؛ حيث تكمن حجاجيتها في محاورة فكر المتلقي، وتأخير لحظة التقائه بالمعنى المقصود؛ من خلال الجزء الخفي في الصورة البيانية، ومن خلال نقل ذهن المخاطب من المجاز إلى الحقيقة، ومن المضمون الحسي إلى معناها الأصلي المجرد، مما يسمح بإقامة بنية واقعية للصورة الممثلة، يستدل بها المتكلم في إثبات تشابه العلاقات بين الحسي والمجرد.كما أن الاستعارة حققت العديد من الأغراض التعليمية السامية إلى جانب وظائفها الامتاعية والإقناعية. Abstract: Rhetoric has been at the core of interest of both ancient and modern scholars, especially metaphor that has drawn the interest of writers, poets, critics and even philosophers, but some of them considered it as merely a tool of extra gratification, and not as an effective means of education. Moreover, they considered it as a means of misleading and suspicion. However, the linguistic reality of the human use has proven that the discursive practice is the only parameter to define the utility or the inutility of metaphor. Thus, we must be aware of the effects of its misuse or even its abuse. Therefore, we aim in this paper at providing a study of the argumentative and persuasive use of metaphor, relaying on the Prophet's Hadiths, which are full of argumentation in matters of dogma, moralities in order to show the functioning of metaphor. Prophet's Hadiths reveal by their metaphorical uses an authentic argumentative and persuasive use of metaphor, mainly in dialoguing with the addressee’s thought and attracting his attention by insinuations behind the metaphorical images, and by guiding his thought from the metaphor to the reality and from the concrete meaning to the original abstract one, leading him to create a realistic structure of the metaphorical image. Metaphor has achieved several high didactic objectives along with its enjoining and argumentative functions.

الكلمات المفتاحية: استعارة ; حِجَاج ; حِجاجية ; إقناع ; الحديث النبوي