مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 6, Numéro 23, Pages 381-393

مدرسة مازونة ودورها في الحركة العلمية والثقافية

الكاتب : غالم فاطمة . بوباية عبد القادر .

الملخص

Mazouna had token a very important political and scientific position during the Ottoman era, In addition to all this ,it was considered as a first capital city of Beylik the west ,it become also a direction for all the students who were seeking to study Jurisprudence sciences and religion from the inside and the out side of the country. Mazouna was known as a city of science and scientists and that was by the grace of its religions school founded by one the displaced Andal usians "Mohamed ibn Charef Al- Bouldawi" in 1029/1619. This religious school was very famous because of its populated meetings and talents of its students. It had a very deep impact in stimulating the scientific and cultural movements locally. Moreover , this school was a nucleus for the emergence of the city of Mazouna as a scientific region in the west of Algeria .The school contributed also in the graduati on of many great scientists, who worked very hard to consolidate the maliki school. These scientists took many jobs. They were known by issuing fatawa, creativity and writing. They participated also in the declaration of war(jihad) against the Spanish for Sake of the freedom of Oran city. Fin there more, the city of Mazouna played a scientific, religious, cultural and jihadist role. Above all, the scientific flourishment and civilization that the city Mazouna reached was as an extension of the scientific movement which took place in Ziyanid era, represented by Abu Zakaria al-Maghili al- Mazouni and his father Abu Imrane Musa. Despite, the declining of the school of Mazouna at the present day, it remains as a symbol of civilization and cultural landmarks, not only for Algeria, but also for Islamic nation in general. For that reason, historians and researchers must be in need to study its manuscripts.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Mazouna; political; scientific;Ottoman;capital; Beylik ;country;Mohamed ibn Charef Al- Bouldawi;cultural;movements