مجلة المقال
Volume 4, Numéro 1, Pages 228-240

إِبْستُومُولُوجَيَّا الْنَّحْـــــــوِ الْعَرَبِــــــــــيِّ؛ قِرَاءَةٌ فِيْ الْمَرْجَعِ الْفِكْرِيِّ وَالْأَثَرِ الْلِّسَانِيِّ الْحَدِيثِ.

الكاتب : البار عبد الرحيم .

الملخص

-الْمُلَخَّصُ: كَانَ لِلْعَرَبِ قَدِيْمًا نِظَامُهُمْ الْلُّغَوِيُّ الْقَائِمُ عَلَى تَحَسُّسِ كَلَامِ الْعَرَبِ عَبْرَ الْوَصْفِ بِمَا سَمِعُوْا وَفَطِنُوْا؛ فَمَقَاسُهُمْ الْفِطْرَةُ وَالسَّلِيْقَةُ فِيْ تَصْوِيْبِ نَظْمِ الْكَلَامِ وَالْحُكْمِ عَلَيْهِ وَنَلْتَمِسُ مَنْهَجَهُمْ هَذَا فِعْلًا فِيْ الْمُقَابَلَاتِ الشِّعْرِيَّةُ الْتِي دَارَتْ فِيْ تِلْكَ الْحِقْبَةِ مِنْ الزَّمَنِ. إِلَى أَنْ تَجَلَّى عَصْرُ الإِسْلَامِ وَبَرَزَ اللِّسَانُ الْقُرْآنِيُّ؛ فَأَخَذَ نِظَامُ الْعَرَبِيَّةُ دَرْبًا جَدِيْدًا فِيْ تَارِيْخِهِ أَفْضَىْ وَاقِعًا لُغَوِيًّا مُغَايِرًا؛ قِوَامُهُ الْعَقِيدَةُ الإِسْلَامِيَّةُ، فَبَرَزَتْ الْمَدَارِسُ وَاتَّضَحَتْ الْمَنَاهِجُ؛ والتِيْ مِنْ خِلَالِهَا شُكِّلَ التَّصَوُّرُ الْعَامُّ لِنِظَامِ اللُّغَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّةِ الْذِيْ نَرَاهُ سَارِيَ الْوُجُوْدِ إِلَىْ الْفَتْرَةِ الْحَدِيْثَةِ والْمُعَاصِرَةُ، فَأَرَدتُّ هُنَا اسْتِطْلَاعَ مَرْجِعِيَّةَ الْفِكْرِ النَّحْوِيِّ الْعَرَبِيِّ مُنْذُ ظُهُوْرِهِ إِلَى عَصْرِ اللِّسَانِيَّاتِ الْحَدِيْثَةِ. -Abstract: The Arabs had their own linguistic system based on the sense of the Arabs through the description of what they heard and understood; measured by instinct and the correctness in correcting the systems of speech and governance, and we seek this approach actually in the poetic interviews that took place in that period of time. Until the emergence of the era of prophecy and the emergence of the Koranic tongue; the Arab system took a new path in its history; led to a new linguistic reality based on belief, emerged schools and became clear curriculum; through which the form of public perception of the system of Arabic language to date, and in this article I look at the pattern of linguistic thought The grammar that prevailed before and after the advent of Islam, trying to put an accurate view of the reference of the Arab.

الكلمات المفتاحية

-الكلمات المفتاحيّة: إبستومولوجيا-النّحو العربيّ-المرجع الفكريّ-الأثر اللّسانيّ الحديث. -Keywords: Epistomology - Arabic Grammar - Intellectual Reference- Linguistic Impact.