أفكار وآفاق
Volume 1, Numéro 2, Pages 33-64

التسرب المدرسي في التعليم الإلزامي بالجزائر: حجم المشكلة وطبيعة التحديات

الكاتب : بوسنه محمود . بغداد لخضر .

الملخص

School dropout in compulsory education (elementary and middle school) in Algeria: The size of the problem and the nature of its challenges. The phenomenon of dropout is considered to be one of the most complex problems, which attract the attention of researchers and responsible for education around the world. It is a serious matter since it refers to a double failure: failure at individual level and failure at societal level too. This article deals with schooling dropouts in compulsory education in Algeria: primary and middle cycle. A number of questions have been asked about the achievement of official educational goals of the named two cycles. Does the majority of pupils progress on regular basis and avoid the prospects of falling into the path of the schooling dropout? What are the school dropout rates established at each level of education? What are the causes? What is the relationship, which can be established between the phenomenon of abandonment of school and illiteracy among 15-25 year olds? Field data related to these questions are collected and an appropriate analysis is presented.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Dropout, compulsory education, illiteracy, differential pedagogy التسرب المدرسي، التعليم الزامي، الأمية عند الشباب، التربية الفارقية Abandon scolaire, enseignement obligatoire, la pédagogie différentielle, l’analphabétisme