مجلة اقتصاديات شمال افريقيا
Volume 8, Numéro 15, Pages 27-62

تحليل أداء حركة التجارة الخارجية الإفريقية بالتطبيق على مصر وكينيا وإفريقيا جنوب الصحراء خلال الفترة من 2001حتى 2014

الكاتب : احمد عبد الرحمن غلاب ياسر محمود .

الملخص

Although the trade preferences granted by Africa of its, which should lead to an increased flow of trade in General, and in particular exports of the world, however, Africa's exports to the world through the period (2001-2015) low, notes that the relative share of Africa's exports are very low while the world during the study period 2001-2014 due to the commercial policies of trade liberalization measures, seen us evolving merchandise exports between 2001 and 2015 So I took on the rise, showing us that she came back to sign international conventions from Egypt, both with the European Union or Turkey or China, either focus indicator for Egyptian exports, the results were fluctuating concentration factor in value terms were less value in 2009 amounting to 15%, and the value of the concentration factor in 2006 amounted to 25.3% is the highest value, this shows the concentration of exports on a few non-oil exporting goods, chiefly mineral products and manufactures, either Export diversification index results show that the value of the coefficient of variation was less volatile value in2013 At 0, 516 where was unstable to reach maximum value is 0, 649 2002. As for Kenya, Kenya's exports to the world have achieved developed during 2001- 2014 m 197%. The results show that the value of the fluctuating concentration factor where she had less value in 2007 amounting to 18%, rising gradually wobbling, this shows Kenyan exports focused on consumer goods, the results show that the value of the coefficient of variation was less volatile value in 2011 at 0639 were also was unstable to reach maximum value in 2001 was 0733, For Africa, sub-Saharan Africa's exports to the world have achieved remarkable development up to 369% during 2001-2014. Through the review and analysis of exports of Africa South of the Sahara in the study period, we find that the y value of managed to the world rose in 2001 from 2000 with a growth rate of minus estimated (- 4.8%) And explains why this internal and political factors in the countries of Africa The results show that the fluctuating concentration factor value to the maximum value in 2008 with 48%, but the value of the coefficient on oscillation took focus through the rest of the study period until it reached its lowest value in 2001 and 2002 and was 31% and 32% respectively, the results show that the value of the coefficient of variation was less volatile value in 2014 with a 0533 rising gradually. To reach the highest value and 0639 in 2011, the index value of the symmetry of the Saharan devalued index of 28% in 2001 to 26% in 2013 for the average value of the indicator reaching 25%.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Merchandise trade-Africa-Egypt-Kenya