مجلة اقتصاديات شمال افريقيا
Volume 13, Numéro 16, Pages 27-62

تحليل أداء حركة التجارة الخارجية الإفريقية بالتطبيق ‏على مصر وكينيا و إفريقيا جنوب الصحراء خلال الفترة ‏من 2001 حتى 2014‏

الكاتب : ياسر محمود أحمد عبد الرحمن غلاب .

الملخص

Although the trade preferences granted by Africa of its, which should lead to an ‎increased flow of trade in General, and in particular exports of the world, however, Africa's ‎exports to the world through the period (2001-2015) low, notes that the relative share of ‎Africa's exports are very low while the world during the study period 2001-2014 due to the ‎commercial policies of trade liberalization measures, seen us evolving merchandise exports ‎between 2001 and 2015 So I took on the rise, showing us that she came back to sign ‎international conventions from Egypt, both with the European Union or Turkey or China, ‎either focus indicator for Egyptian exports, the results were fluctuating concentration factor in ‎value terms were less value in 2009 amounting to 15%, and the value of the concentration ‎factor in 2006 amounted to 25.3% is the highest value, this shows the concentration of exports ‎on a few non-oil exporting goods, chiefly mineral products and manufactures, either Export ‎diversification index results show that the value of the coefficient of variation was less volatile ‎value in2013 At 0, 516 where was unstable to reach maximum value is 0, 649 2002. As for ‎Kenya, Kenya's exports to the world have achieved developed during 2001-2014 m 197%. ‎The results show that the value of the fluctuating concentration factor where she had less value ‎in 2007 amounting to 18%, rising gradually wobbling, this shows Kenyan exports focused on ‎consumer goods, the results show that the value of the coefficient of variation was less volatile ‎value in 2011 at 0639 were also was unstable to reach maximum value in 2001 was 0733, For ‎Africa, sub-Saharan Africa's exports to the world have achieved remarkable development up ‎to 369% during 2001-2014. Through the review and analysis of exports of Africa South of ‎the Sahara in the study period, we find that the y value of managed to the world rose in 2001 ‎from 2000 with a growth rate of minus estimated (-4.8%) And explains why this internal and ‎political factors in the countries of Africa The results show that the fluctuating concentration ‎factor value to the maximum value in 2008 with 48%, but the value of the coefficient on ‎oscillation took focus through the rest of the study period until it reached its lowest value in ‎‎2001 and 2002 and was 31% and 32% respectively, the results show that the value of the ‎coefficient of variation was less volatile value in 2014 with a 0533 rising gradually. To reach ‎the highest value and 0639 in 2011, the index value of the symmetry of the Saharan devalued ‎index of 28% in 2001 to 26% in 2013 for the average value of the indicator reaching 25%.‎

الكلمات المفتاحية

Merchandise trade-Africa-Egypt-Kenya