Ex Professo


Ex professo is an international, double-blind, peer-reviewed, annual, free and open access journal published by Hamma Lakhdar University of El-Oued - Algeria. It is dedicated to both theoretical and practical studies of languages (French, Arabic, English); open to these different languages / cultures, it has a multidisciplinary vocation. Ex professo associates within its reading committee academicians and researchers specializing in language sciences, text sciences, and didactics belonging to national and international universities. With reference to these different fields of study, the journal devotes sections to themes Varia, Book reviews, and Essays; and occasionally publishes proceedings of conferences organized by the Faculty. It seeks to welcome only unpublished and original contributions. Submitted double-blindly, these contributions must respect the editorial template of the journal, and not be the subject of another publication. For doctoral students; it is the place to meet and share the opinions with professionals and emeritus researchers. For this purpose, binomial proposals between researcher / doctoral students are accepted. The journal also accepts the proposition of an issue to be devoted to “collective work” under the supervision of a coordinating professor. However, the journal is in no way responsible for the ideas put forward in the content. The scientific opinions expressed in the articles are the sole responsibility of their own authors. The journal is published in two versions online and in print. The online version is free and downloadable.







Eye Movement as a Tool of Formative Assessment

حفصي لطيفة, 

Résumé: Measuring whether students get a point or no seems a difficult task for novice teachers. So, assessing students’ understanding of the lesson is a crucial step in the teaching process. Despite its increasing importance, few teachers know how to undertake formative assessment and how to exploit its outcome in taking educational decisions. The aim of the present study is to account for psycholinguistic technique of eye movement and to suggest its exploitation in daily assessment. More specifically, it proposes that eye movements’ findings can be applicable in helping teachers understand their students’ behaviour toward the lesson. In psycholinguistics, long gaze duration, for instance, is a mark of ambiguity and participant’s concentration. To examine the adequacy of this technique, the study opts for descriptive approach to provide insights about the effectiveness and the possibility of adopting eye movements in formative assessment process. To that end, the daily assessment and practical educational decision no longer presents a barrier to teachers if they understand and interpret students’ eye movement correctly.

Mots clés: Assessment for learning, eye movement, formative assessment, psycholinguistic technique, saccades

السرد الرحلي: من أدب الرحلة إلى الاستطلاع الصحفي

قعيد خليفة, 

الملخص: ملخص يشتمل السرد الرحلي العربي أو ما يسمى بأدب الرحلة على علوم ومعارف شتى مثل التاريخ والجغرافيا والمجتمع والأنثروبولوجيا والأدب والطبيعة وغيرها. وكان الرحالة يسرد ويصف في كتاباته جميع ملاحظاته من خلال رحلاته. لكن العديد من الباحثين العرب ما زالوا يرون أن السرد الرحلي العربي انطفأ من الوجود. ترصد هذه الدراسة أهم المحطات الأدبية والمسارات التاريخية للسرد الرحلي لدى العرب والأجانب، وخلصت إلى أن السرد الرحلي لم لم يندثر، بل انتقل إلى جنس الإعلام وأصبح هو الاستطلاع الصحفي المكتوب. Abstract: The Arabic Travel Narrative or the so-called Travel Literature includes various sciences and knowledge such as history, geography, society, anthropology, literature, nature and others. The traveler used to narrate and describe in his writings all his observations through his travels. But many Arab researchers still see that the Arabic Narrative ceased to exist. This study traces the most important literary stations and historical paths of the Travel Narrative among Arabs and foreigners. It concluded that the Travel Narrative was not extinguished, but rather moved to the media genre and became the written Reportage

الكلمات المفتاحية: السرد الرحلي ; الرحالة ; الأدب ; الاستطلاع الصحفي ; الصحافي