مجلة العلوم الانسانية
Volume 17, Numéro 2, Pages 1113-1134

ﺑﻧﯾﺔ اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺻﺔ اﻟﺟ ازﺋرﯾﺔ اﻟﻘﺻﯾرة "ﻗﺻﺔ ﺧوﻟﺔ" ﻷﺣﻣد رﺿﺎ ﺣوﺣو "أﻧﻣوذﺟﺎ"

الكاتب : ﻋﻠـــﻲ رﺣﻣـــﺎﻧـــــﻲ .

الملخص

ﺗﻌﺗﺑر اﻟﻘﺻﺔ ﻣن أﻛﺛر اﻟﺟﺳور اﻷدﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﺣﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻘﯾم اﻟﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﺎت واﻷﻣم، واﻟﺗﻲ ﻣن ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﯾﻣﻛن ﻟﻸدﯾب أن ﯾرﺻد ﻣﺧﺗﻠف اﻟﻣظﺎﻫر واﻟﺗﺣوﻻت اﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﯾﺔ واﻟﺳﯾﺎﺳﯾﺔ واﻟﻔﻛرﯾﺔ...، وﻧﺣن ﻣن ﺧﻼل وﻷﺟل ﻫﺎﺗﻪ اﻟورﻗﺔ اﻟﺑﺣﺛﯾﺔ ﻧروم إﻟﻰ اﻹﺛﺑﺎت ﺑوﺟود أدب ﺟ ازﺋري ﺟدﯾر ﺑﺎﻟد ارﺳﺔ؛ ذﻟك ﺗوﺟﻬﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﻟد ارﺳﺔ ﺻوب َﻋﻠٍم ﻣن أﻋﻼِم ﻣﻧطﻘ ِﺔ اﻟزﯾﺑﺎن -ﺑﺳﻛرة- ﻣﺳﻘط أرس اﻷدﯾب "أﺣﻣد رﺿﺎ ﺣوﺣو" ﺻﺎﺣب ﻗﺻﺔ "ﺧوﻟﺔ" ﻗﯾد اﻟد ارﺳﺔ، ﻣن ﺣﯾث أن ﻫذﻩ اﻷﺧﯾر ﺗﺻور اﻟﺣﯾﺎة اﻟواﻗﻌﯾﺔ اﻟﺗﻲ ﯾﻌﯾﺷﻬﺎ اﻟﻣﺟﺗﻣﻊ آن ذاك. The story is considered as one of the literary works which carries the values of societies and nations، throughit the writercan monitor the various sociel manifestations and transformations...؛Through this research paper we seek to prove literature that is deserves to study, for that reason we focused on one of the symbols in Ziban’s area Biskra، whichitisthe birthplace of the writer ‘Ahmed Ridha Houhou’ who wrote the story of ‘ khawla’ ، and that story was narate the real lifestyle in the society at that time.

الكلمات المفتاحية

ﺑﻧﯾﺔ اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ، اﻟﻘﺻﺔ اﻟﺟ ازﺋرﯾﺔ اﻟﻘﺻﯾرة ، ﻷﺣﻣد رﺿﺎ ﺣوﺣو