مجلة الشريعة والاقتصاد
Volume 3, Numéro 5, Pages 393-425
الكاتب : لخضر شكير .
Philosophers and scientists are in diffrence about essence of raison, as well as they are in diffrence about its role and its fields ; on essence of raison some of them considered it as a core, some others considered it just an accident or characteristic of the core, and some others considered it as a function among other functions of brain, and an accident of corp. Ancient Greeks considered raison as a core, and because of that they sacred it and make it as an establisher of knowledges, and more of that they defined man as a raisonable animal. Some others of muslims, despossessed raison its role, and they standing to theire desires, legends an myths. But the majority of muslims (sunnits) taking the middle (right) position about raison ; they never sacring it, as soon as they never polluting it, but they gave raison its degree as soon as its limits, and they taking the whole role and important to (wahi) quran, and the role of raison is just detectating, descovering, criticizing and undrestanding of quran, as well as reality, and this is the right role of the raison on islam.
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