AGROBIOLOGIA
Volume 11, Numéro 1, Pages 2359-2365

Reproductive Biology Of A Diverse Apricot (prunus Armeniaca L.) Germplasm From The Regions Of Hodna And Aurès In Algeria.

Authors : Younes Atek . María Nicolás-almansa . Jose Alberto Egea . Pedro Martínez Gomez . Fayçal Bahlouli .

Abstract

Abstract Description of the subject: Gametophytic self-incompatibility, governed by the S-locus, functions in Prunus species including the apricot to protect self-pollination of flowers. Knowledge of the S-genotypes in apricot cultivars is essential to establishing productive orchards, defining combinations of compatible cultivars. Objective : In this study, reproductive biology of 92 apricot cultivated accessions from the regions of Aurés (semi-arid) and Hodna (semi-arid to arid) in Algeria has been evaluated. Methods : The cultivated accessions assayed included local Algerian cultivars and French and Spanish introduced cultivars with kwon S-alleles. Percentage of fertilized flowers and fruit set was evaluated in field conditions by bagging. To identify the S-alleles associated with self-incompatibility, two pairs of specific primers were tested using PCR. This PCR-based molecular tool allows S-genotypes to be characterized quickly and efficiently. Results : The origin of the apricot accessions does not influence the percentage of fertilized flowers and fruit set. Location and Year, however, have a significant influence. On the other hand, results showed a great diversity in terms of S-alleles in the Algerian germplasm. Some of these apricot cultivars are self-incompatible, and so to obtain a yield they need to be pollinated with cross-compatible cultivars. Conclusion : Results indicate that Algerian apricots represent an interesting source of new self-compatible germplasm adapted to dry conditions for Mediterranean apricot breeding programs. Determination of the S-genotype might be considered as an important addition to a set of identity markers of apricot genetic resources.

Keywords

Apricot ; Fruit sets ; Self-incompatibility ; Crosspollination ; germplasm.