مجلة المعارف للبحوث والدراسات التاريخية
Volume 5, Numéro 1, Pages 281-307

علاقة علماء العصر السلجوقي بسلاطين و وزراء عصرهم و دورها في دعم إزدهار الحركة الفكرية و العلمية بالمشرق الإسلامي

الكاتب : عبد الرزاق قنيفي .

الملخص

The migration of the Seljuk great Turks tribe considred as the most important migrations of the Beyond river and central Asia, from which emerged the most powerful and Independent Emerates ever in the time of the decline of the Abbassid caliphate and maintained the continuity of the Islamic rule in the person of the Abbassid state after the elimination of the influence of the Shiite Buyid. All the Islamic sources agree that the political and military role of the Seljuks was strong which was confirmed by the number of their subjected territories, thus the civilizational side of them must not be neglected thanks to the importance they gave to the intellectual and scientific life as well , that can be seen through the cultural construction which was like a turning point in the prosperity of that side in the person of the famous regular schools, the efforts of the famous minister Nizham Elmulk Tossy must be taken in consideration . The distinction that was made by the Seljuks in the political, military domination and the flourishing in the intellectual and the scientific sector comes side to side with the juristic studies which was contributed to the prosperity of the Sunni Islam and the decline of influence of Shiit due to the strong relationship between the ministers and sultans of the Seljuk state and the scientists of their time which granted the development of the intellectual and scientific life in the orient , central Asia and beyond the river through the formation of a generation of students served for the continuity of public life significated the heavy production of works considred as resources and references conserved the flourishing of different sciences which was in the regular and private schools

الكلمات المفتاحية

السلاجقة؛ الحركة العلمية؛ المشرق؛ السلاطين.