Revue Algérienne d'Economie et de Management
Volume 8, Numéro 2, Pages 48-59
Authors : Djelti Samir .
This paper presents a unifying theory that explains human migration. Unlike the gravity theory, this one is based upon the osmosis phenomenon. In biology, the determinants of osmosis are measured by the number of moles of gas molecules, the Gas constant, the temperature in kelvins and the volume of the cell. Relying on this model, the determinants of osmosis are intuitively replaced with the natural determinants of human migration (water, climate, security, and density). Moreover, the determinacy of GDP and the location, explained by the distance, are added to the final estimation. The estimation outcome of the OLS regression of 93 countries during 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000, reveals that the osmosis model represents a strong and significant explanation of human migration. In addition, GDP is not a strong determinant of migration, it just reflects the natural determinants. Human migration is, then, a matter of strong powers of an evolutionary natural pressure between regions.
Human Migration, Natural determinants, osmosis. Jel Classification : F22
Dris Ait-hamadouche Louisa
Maouche Née Ketfi Salima