المجلة الجزائرية للعلوم الإجتماعية والإنسانية
Volume 8, Numéro 1, Pages 439-456

The Evolution Of Terrorism In The Middle East: From Jihadists To Cyber Criminals?

Authors : Iratni Belkacem .

Abstract

Terrorism, whether practiced by individuals, or by groups is not a new phenomenon. However, it has never been as violent, ruthless, massive, and dangerous for the whole humanity as the terrorism waged in the Arab world and elsewhere, in the name of jihad (holy war) and some presumed Islamic precepts in the last decades. Terrorist organizations labeled "Islamic" by their mentors, such as Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, and their affiliated groups, have achieved some success in spreading terror nearly everywhere. However, they have, so far, failed to achieve the objectives related to restoring the "Caliphate" or undermining the influence of the Western powers in the Arab world. These failures have already left the way to the weakening of structured terrorist organizations and the emergence of isolated groups or individuals that will resort to a new form of threats through the use of the cyber device and modern technology.

Keywords

Terrorism ; Cyber-terrorism ; The Middle-East ; Al-Qaeda ; Islamic State