Journal de la Faculté de Médecine
Volume 2, Numéro 4, Pages 281-286

Profil Du Donneur De Sang Au Centre De Transfusion Sanguine D’oran

Auteurs : Ayad Sarah . Deba Tahria .

Résumé

Abstract Objectives - This study aims to describe the socio-demographic characteristics and motivations of blood donors at the Blood Transfusion Center of the University Hospital Center of Oran, to analyze their immuno-hematological and microbiological data. Materials and methods - It is a cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted over a period of three months (from January 1st to March 31st, 2017) at the Blood Transfusion Center of Oran University Hospital. This study included blood donors who showed up at the fixed site and responded to a questionnaire during the donation. Biological data were collected from immuno-hematological and microbiological qualification records of donation. Results - We collected 1004 predominantly male donors (sex ratio 4/1), with an average age of 35 years with a predominance of the age group [28-37] years. The average social class is the most common (67.23%). Secondary and universitary education levels are predominant (47.73%). Approximately 63% of our sample are clearing donors, 45% of whom are new donors. Half of the volunteer donors (50.5%) are irregular donors. The main motivation for giving is family, followed by religious motivation and solidarity. Almost of the participants is motivated for a subsequent donation. 47% of donors have a blood group O, 34% of group A, 15% of group B and 4% of group AB. The prevalence of infectious transmissible agents by transfusion in this population is 1%. Conclusion - This study described the socio-demographic characteristics and motivations of the blood donors at the Blood Transfusion Center in Oran. Efforts should focus on raising awareness, quality of donor recruitment and retention, which is a step toward improving blood safety.

Mots clés

Blood donation, blood donors, characteristics, motivation, seropositive.