The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Volume 4, Numéro 3, Pages 7-16

Cross‐sectional Association Between Lifestyle Behavior And Cardiometabolic Biomarkers In West Algerian Postmenopausal Women

Authors : Tiali Amina . Chenni Djahida . Benyoub Mohamed . Mekki Khedidja .


Background: Abdominal adiposity, insulin resistance dyslipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction emerge during menopause. Objectives: To assess the relationship between lifestyle, eating behavior, and cardiometabolic biomarkers in Algerian postmenopausal women. Subjects and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted among 228 postmenopausal women (57.65±6.42 years) in Oran (Algeria). Women were divided into quartiles according to their waist circumference (WC); Q1 (69-89cm), Q2 (90-98.5cm), Q3 (99-108cm), and Q4 (108-125cm). We assessed for 3 days, food consumption by the 24h recall and record method, and daily energy expenditure (DEE). In serum, we analyzed the lipid profile, inflammation markers, and oxidative status. Results: DEE and total energy intake were similar in all groups. A decrease in metabolism equivalent tasks (Mets) was observed according to WC increase (<1.5). The Mets was negatively correlated with LDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerols (TG), lipid accumulation products (LAP), CRP, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), TBARS-LDL, and carbonyls and positively correlated with the activity of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase. An inverse relationship was noted between the intake of meats, poultry, eggs, fish, and antioxidant enzymatic activities. Fat intake was positively correlated with lipid accumulation products (r=0.293, p<0.001) and negatively with HDL-cholesterol (r=-0.396, p<0.001), LCAT activity (r= -0.275, p<0.001) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) (r= -0.315, p<0.001). Fruits and vegetables intake was negatively correlated with LDL-Cholesterol (r=- 0.279, p<0.001) and LDL-TBARS (r= -0.284, p<0.001). Conclusion: Unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle were associated with high cardiometabolic risk factors in postmenopausal women and expose them to cardiovascular diseases.


Lifestyle behavior, Cardiometabolic biomarkers, Waist circumference, Postmenopausal women

Prevalence And Characteristics Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Used By Algerian Cancer Patients: A Cross-sectional Study At Oncology Department Of A Cancer Center In Batna

Beriala Hadjer Nour El-imane .  Kessab Soumia .  Drihem Iman .  Boussakra Fatiha .  Ben Moussa Mohammed Taher . 
pages 85-98.

Determination Of Isoflavones From Soy-milk, Masoor And Mung Dal Soups In Bangladeshi Postmenopausal Women

Saleh Farzana .  Rokeya Begum .  Nahar Nilufar .  Begum Anjuman Ara .  Mosihuzzaman Mohammed .  Rashid Mamunar . 
pages 81-90.

Impact Of Chronic Low Dose Methotrexate Treatment In Rheumatoid Arthritis On Biochemical Parameters In A Population Of Eastern Algeria: A Cross-sectional Study.

Cherif Redouane Amine .  Yargui Lyèce .  Slimani Samy .  Aissoug Amel .  Rahmani Salima .  Bouaicha Malika Nawel .  Boukrous Hanane . 
pages 46-57.