Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures
Volume 6, Numéro 3, Pages 375-382

Structure Of The Out- Flows Behind Buildings And Influence Of The Geometry Of The Streets On The Out-flows

Authors : Bendida Medjahed . Djellouli Amel . Hamidat Djouhar . Bouzit Mohamed .

Abstract

This paper intends to study the latest results from the research methods available with special intentions given to the architectural effects of the street valley and wind speed. Extensive research has been carried out through several research approaches to understand the effect of wind flow formation in the streets and the current wind condition on the structure of the wind current. The main goal of this paper is to study the structure of out- flows of buildings and the effect of street engineering on external flows. The numerical modeling is to simulate the effect of the wind flow and the layer limit on different building structures using the ANSYS Fluent package. The program was based on the K-ε model to incorporate the potential of differential equations forming the mathematical model. Three cases were considered; the first case is the height-to-width ratio of the valley (h/w), the second is the width of the dome (b3/b) and the third case the ratio of the height of the valley (h3/h) to see the effect of street valley engineering and wind speed effect.

Keywords

Numerical simulation; Wind speed; Building; Street canyon