Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures
Volume 6, Numéro 4, Pages 547-563

Effect Of Chemically Modified Banana Fibers On The Mechanical Properties Of Poly-dimethyl-siloxane-based Composites

Authors : Danyuo Y. . Zakariyyah T. . Nasiru S. . Mustapha K. . Azeko S. T. . Bello S. A. . Abade-abugre M. . Yirijor J. . Anyidoho V. . Mcbagonluri F. .

Abstract

The study presents the mechanical properties of polymer-based composites reinforced with chemically modified banana fibers, by alkalization in different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The fiber weight fraction has a great effect on the mechanical properties of the composites. Stiff composites were obtained at 6 wt% fiber fractions with Young’s modulus of 254.00 ±12.70 MPa. Moreover, the yield strength was 35.70 ±1.79 MPa at 6 wt% fiber fractions. However, the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and toughness of the composites were obtained at 5 wt% fiber fractions. Statistical analyses were used to ascertain the significant different on the mechanical properties of the fibers and composites. The implication of the results is then discussed for potential applications of PDMS-based composites reinforced with chemically modified banana fibers.

Keywords

Treated banana fibers; Mechanical properties; PDMS-based composites; Statistical analysis