الحوار المتوسطي
Volume 10, Numéro 2, Pages 466-493

The Islamic Artistic Culture: Between Spiritual Legislations And Literary Aesthetics

Authors : ماضوي Madoui خليدة Khalida .

Abstract

When Umar Ibn El Khattab headed the Islamic Ummah, he was the brilliant leader that gave both religious and secular aspects an omnipresent weighty significance during his Caliphate. Umar was endowed with prodigious inspiration and deep insight by God and Prophet Mohamed PBUH said that he had never seen ‘a genius that accomplished his endeavors’. The ideal city-state attained its perfection during the era of the Caliph Umar thanks to his traits and the Sunnah legacy of Mohamed PBUH. The high morals he preached in his speeches, letters, during trials he headed and in poetry he cherished the most and urged the Arab writers forwards, were an inspiration from a deep faith, belief and behavior the Sunnah traced and the Quranic revelations were to remind. El-Akaad wrote and unveiled the Caliph awesome personality in his literary chef d’oeuvre ‘the Genius of Omar’.It is such an artistic piece of writing that is to counterpart if not transcend the ‘Ideal city-state’ of Plato and El Farabi while tackling how to achieve justice in their philosophies on society and education. كان عمر ابن الخطاب رائدا للامة الاسلامية و اهتم بالدين و الحياة الدنيوية معا خلال خلافته . كان عمر دو هبة ربانية لا مثيل لها اذ قال الرسول عنه '' لم ارى عبقريا يفري فريه''. كان التوسع الاسلامي في عهده لا سابق له فازدهرت المدينة بعدما اسسها النبي فكانت المدينة الفاضلة التي حكم فيها عمر بعدل اذ اتبع كتاب الله و سنة نبيه فكانت سيرته اخلاقا عالية و ادبا رفيعا فتح كل مجالات العلم المعرفة و الشعر و الترنيم. لقد كان عمر محبا و مشجعا لكتابة الشعر و سماعه فجمع بين لغة الضاد و الخلق الطيب ليرقى بمدينته الفاضلة التي اختلفت عن مدينة افلاطون و الفارابي. انها مدينة حكمها الفاروق

Keywords

Key words : Umar Ibn Elkhattab, poetry, the Islamic heritage and culture, moral values, the individual/citizen, the ideal city-state, El Sunnah of Mohamed PBUH, the Quran.