دراسات نفسية وتربوية
Volume 12, Numéro 2, Pages 294-300

Impact Of Regular Physical Activity And Sport On The School Performances Of Students Between 6 And 10 Years Old

Authors : Bekhechi Kheira Amina . Khiat Belkacem .

Abstract

This longitudinal study aimed at investigating the impact of regular physical activity and sport on the school performances of students between 6 and 10 years old. An experimental group of 55 students that practice out-of-school sports, at a rate of 3 times a week and a reference group of 55 students that does not practice out of school sports, their age is between 6 and 10 years old, both male and female from an elementary schools of the town of Oran (Algeria), they were followed during 15 month (five quarters). The socio-demographic data were collected by a questionnaire intended for the students of the two groups, and the administrative school results at the end of each quarter. An intelligence test of the CPM (Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices) was administered at the end of the fifth trimester to assess the main cognitive abilities in both groups. Students that practice out-of-school sports have general school averages and a significantly higher (p<0.05) level of intelligence than students that do not. As noted by many similar studies, the practice of a physical-activity and sport regular seem to have a very positive impact on the academic performance and also on cognitive functioning.

Keywords

academic performance ; cognitive functioning ; physical-activity and sport ; provided education for children ; raven's colored progressive matrices (cpm)