social and human sciences review مجلة العلوم الاجتماعية والانسانية
Volume 20, Numéro 1, Pages 383-402

Morocco And Transition To Democracy: The Enduring Struggle

Authors : Abubakar Ghazali .

Abstract

The occurrence of the dual unforgettable incidents namely ‘Cold War’ between the two superpowers, the United States and the former United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) and fall of the Berlin Wall, Moroccan authorities consolidated what could be seen as “fundamental background” of the democratization process. With the help of modernity, Moroccan monarchy has been able to incrementally install a systematic equilibrium that could match the contemporarily modern democratic style. The authorities, however, focus on political and civic organizations. The flexible nature of this nation coupled with absolute amenable behavior to embrace democracy as a new style very much help in keeping the kingship system on the stance at least for now and time to come. This has become clear during the popular political revolts of 2011 when Moroccans in large numbers demanded modifications and changes instead of toppling down the entire ancient system. Islam reached Morocco somewhere during the first century of the Hijra (migration), and since that time, the kingship remains the style of leadership in the country until today.

Keywords

Democratization process; Moroccan regime; reforms; Hassan II era; roles of King Muhammad VI