مجلة الخلدونية
Volume 10, Numéro 2, Pages 418-438

مصدر السلطة والشرعية لدى المثقف والسياسي في الجزائر وطبيعة العلاقة بينهما

الكاتب : دادي محمد .

الملخص

The aim of this study is to reveal the attitudes and opinions of the Algerian intellectuals by reference to the colonial period, ie, the beginning of the twentieth century as a reference stage. This is because of the following two reasons: - Some Algerians enrolled in the colonial school and some of them reached high levels of science. Of intellectuals in the modern sense of the word. The second reason is the existence of the colonial phenomenon, which requires struggle and struggle for the restoration of freedom and independence by a colonized people, who are supposed to be intellectuals at the forefront. During the first half of the 20th century, the Algerian intelligentsia was demanding integration and equality with the French within the colonial state, while popular groups were aligned with the national movement and the independence movement. In addition, the liberation war was carried out in the absence of the intellectual. This relationship continued until after independence, where the Algerian intellectual remained away from the power of political decision for his lack of legitimacy and legitimacy seized (political-military) in the name of historical and revolutionary legitimacy.

الكلمات المفتاحية

intellectual, political, revolution, power, legitimacy.