معارف
Volume 7, Numéro 13, Pages 9-28

قراءة في حقوق الإنسان في الدساتير الجزائرية

الكاتب : مليكة خشمون .

الملخص

Abstract : Through this reading, the author will analyze the main freedoms guaranteed in the Algerian constitutions while respecting the chronological order  First, the author has discussed the nation human rights in the 196 constitution under the expression : fundamental rights mentioned in the articles 12 to 20. The point made is the restriction of civil liberties in the presence of the word the freedoms within the right laws  the question of human rights in the constitution in 1976 was governed in Section I under the name fundamental freedoms and rights of human and citizen The author has raised various issues having related to this subject including the influence of the constitutional legislator by the status of the rights of man and citizen in France, and in this sense the human rights in the constitution of 1976 in a 'universal' nature, more developed, more extended, featuring with the constitution of 1963. The author has scrutinized the issue of human rights in the constitution of 1989, while noting the giant leap of the nation public liberty, human rights which corresponds with the economic and political opening. The 1989 constitution has evoked some new freedoms to generate local and international development as the right to establish political parties and associations. Finally, the author has discussed the issue of human rights in the 1996 constitution and these commandments (2002.2008 ). This constitution established the appointment : rights and freedoms, and political pluralism which corresponds to the respect and promotion of human rights such as the right of expression, freedom of thought, the right to the creation of political parties guaranteed by the state.

الكلمات المفتاحية

The key words : Human Rights, Constitution, state, system, law, Legislator, Freedom, Equality, documents, regional, global, protection, basic texts, authority, control, rule, citizen, Algeria, pluralism, political parties, the Convention.