أفكار وآفاق
Volume 1, Numéro 2, Pages 1-32

فروق النوع في الذاكرة السماعية والبصرية بعد التدريب على برنامج العبق (اليوسيماس) الذكور أفضل في الذكاء والاناث في الذاكرة

الكاتب : الخليفة عمر هارون . إجلال علي موسى .

الملخص

Sex differences on auditory and visual memory after Abaq training (UCMAS): Males better in intelligence and females in memory. This study explores the possible differences in auditory and visual memory between male and female trained and un-trained pupils of the abaq program (UCMAS) in Khartoum State. To achieve this aim, the causal comparative method was employed. The study sample consists of 201 basic school pupils both males (100) and females (101), 101 of whom were an experimental group, and 100 a controlling one their age is ranged between 7-12 year olds. For data collection, the following tests of auditory memory were used: Holy verses from Quran, Test of Digits Forward, and Digits Backward of the WISC-111 as well as tests of visual memory: Flash Cards and Memory Drum. The study shows that there were: (a) Significant differences between males and females in auditory memory between the trained and un-trained on Abaq program (UCMAS) favoring females in the experimental group (b). Significant differences between males and females in visual memory between the trained and un-trained on Abaq program (UCMAS) favoring females in the experimental group. Finally, some questions for further studies in the field were raised to resolve the paradox between the high performance of males in intelligence and high performance for females in auditory and visual memory.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Visual memory, auditory memory, Abaq Program (UCMAS), sex الذاكرة السماعية، الذاكرة البصرية، برنامج العبق (اليوسيماس)، الفروق النوعية mémoire visuelles, mémoire auditive, programme Abaq, différences entre sexe