حوليات جامعة بشار
Volume 17, Numéro 20, Pages 187-200
Authors : Azazga Imene .
Abstract This article discusses the political philosophy of the American Declaration of Independence. It discerns the epistemological and naturalist principles by which the American Founding Fathers defended the independence of the colonies. Besides, the 1980's American fundamentalist leaders claimed the origins of the philosophical background of the Declaration merely Scriptural. In contrast to the fundamentalists’ interpretation, this study reveals the Platonic origins of the epistemological background of the Declaration. It concludes that the present document implies rational metaphysical principles such as naturalness, empiricism and necessity. It also demonstrates that the Declaration argues independence with the Platonic philosophical principles of the macrocosm and the microcosm.
Keywords: The American Declaration of Independence; Political Philosophy; Epistemology; Rational Metaphysics; Naturalism; Platonism.
Said Houari Amel