مجلة الدراسات والبحوث القانونية
Volume 3, Numéro 3, Pages 260-278

أحكام الشركة ذات المسؤولية المحدودة وفقا لتعديل قانون 15-20 Provisions Of The Limited Liability Company According To The Amendment Of Law 15-20

الكاتب : جمال ميمي . دليلة مغني .

الملخص

تستأثر الشركات ذات المسؤولية المحدودة باهتمام مؤسسي الشركات محققة رواجا كبيرا بحيث أصبـحت تتفـوق علـى غيرها من الأنواع الأخـرى من حيث العدد ، و السبب فـي ذلك هو طبيعتها المرنـة و ما توفره من حمايـة لكل من يريد استثمـار جزء من أمواله دون أن يتعرض للخطــر في بــاقـي أموالـه أو ذمتـه الماليـة ، ذلك الخطـر المتمثــل في الوقوع تحت طائلة القواعد الصــارمة للإفلاس أو التسويـة القضائيـة. جـــاء التعديـــل استجــابـــة لدواعـــي اقتصــاديـــة أهمها مواجهة إنهيار أسعار البترول مع خلق البدائل الاقتصادية، كحلول لأزمات اجتماعيــة متمثلة في امتصاص البطالة، و محاولة خلق مناصب شغل غير تقليدية، معدلا أحكــام الشركــة ذات المسؤوليــة المحدودة ، بحيث مس أمورا جوهريــة في أحكــام هذه الشركـة من خلال القانون 15-20 المؤرخ في 30 ديسمبر سنة 2015الذي يعدل و يتمم الأمر 75-59 المؤرخ في 26سبتمبر سنة 1975 المتضمن القانون التجاري . Limited liability companies attract the attention of corporate founders, which are so popular that they outperform other species in number. This is due to their flexible nature and the protection they provide to anyone who wants to invest part of their money without being exposed to the rest of their money or The risk of falling under the strict rules of bankruptcy or judicial settlement.It is also considered a family business that continues even with the death of the partner and the transfer of his share to his heirs without endangering them. On the other hand, the limited liability company is best able to manage small and medium enterprises as it does not require large sums of money.The Algerian legislator adopted the provisions of the limited liability company and transferred them from the French law under Law 75-59, and introduced some amendments in 1996, when he authorized a person to establish the limited liability company in deviation from the general rules, Called the One Man Foundation Or the company of the only person with limited liability , under Order 96/27 of 09 December 1996 in line with the requirements of business life in the field of companies, followed by the second amendment in response to economic reasons the most important to face the collapse of oil prices With the creation of economic alternatives, as solutions to social crises represented in the absorption of unemployment, and trying to create non-traditional jobs , Modifying the provisions of the Limited Liability Company so as to affect material matters of this company through Law 15-20 of 30 December 2015, amending and supplementing the provisions of Law 75-59 of September 26, 1975, including commercial law. The amendments included all the conditions for the establishment of companies provided for in Article 416 of the Algerian Civil Code, in particular the requirement of multiple partners, the provision of shares and the determination of the capital of the company, which represents the general guarantee of the company's creditors. And the Algerian legislator through this amendment went out of the conventional provisions, making the determination of the capital of the company from the terms of reference of the partners and he did not have set a minimum or maximum limit , with the opportunity to have the largest number of partners, even if they provide symbolic shares or were this provides as a work they offer to the company . Although these radical changes may occur from a doctrinal debate between supporters and exponents of commercial law, what can be achieved by these amendments and their positive impact on the national social and economic level may Constitute compelling justifications to take it and accept it.

الكلمات المفتاحية

أحكام الشركة، المسؤولية المحدودة، قانون 15-20. Limited liability Company, general nature and specific use of commercial companies, changes, social and economic reasons.