دراسات نفسية وتربوية
Volume 11, Numéro 2, Pages 314-328
Starting from three cases of children who are lagging behind in school, the present study aims to show that school adjustment does not only concern the cognitive abilities of the child, but also his/her psychic maturity. The present study is, therefore, a clinical work based on the case study of 3 children in a situation of school delay and with whom we have applied a clinical semi-directive interview, Test Human figure drawing, the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC II). In the interview, all the cases expressed difficulties related to their life; we noticed an insufficiency of the internalization of the object which was given to discover the instability concerning relations an inability to learn. The 3 cases exhibited poor perceptions representations and showed an inhibition in speech. Concerning intellectual abilities, Test Human figure drawing, revealed to us that the 3 cases had average capacities and are thus far from being defective, which is contrary to their school results. In calculating the mental maturation coefficient of our cases, we find that they were able to obtain average scores for two cases and good for one case, which corresponds to a mental age close to their chronological ages. Thus, they obtained degrees of mental maturity or intelligence coefficient which places them in the category of average intelligence. We can say that their latent capacities are average and that they are far from being defective as their school results suggest. In trying to understand this contradiction, between the K-ABC II test, the projective Test Human figure drawing and the results concerning their schooling, we can say that the children in school delay do not lack intellectual potential, but a psychological maturity that prevents them from succeeding because of their inhibition.
school delay ; Human figure drawing, ; K-ABCII test ; psychic functioning ; psychosexual maturity
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