تنمية الموارد البشرية
Volume 5, Numéro 3, Pages 1-27

التحديات التي تواجه الأرغونوميا في القرن الحادي والعشرين

الكاتب : محمد مقداد .

الملخص

Abstract: Argonomia is defined by the International Society of Argonomia as the science which studies the relationship between man and machine. It originated in the middle of the last century after Second World War. Since its emergence, it has been trying to adapt the machine to man, and not vice versa. Previously, argonomia, has been effectively dealt with problems related to adapting the machine to humans. However, in recent years, some of the challenges affecting work and human use of the machine have begun to emerge. These problems are not specific to a particular country, but to the countries of the entire world, especially the developing countries. Thus, argonomia must deal with these new challenges within its overall objective of adapting work to man. I believe that the most important new challenges ; such as, obesity, old age, human frontiers and emerging technologies, that argonomia must deal with are not only in the Arab Gulf countries, but in all countries of the world as well. With regard to obesity, countries in the world, especially the ones with high annual income, are experiencing a high prevalence of obesity among people who include almost all age groups: children, the Young, and the Old. In terms of old age, countries in the world are experiencing a growth in the number of old people, so that the number sometimes exceeded that one of children. In regard to human perspectives, argonomia should benefit from the development of the desire to increase human capacities, and to minimize borders. If taking some drugs will make athletes achieve sport achievements that would not have been achieved without being addressed, why other sectors of the work should not take advantage of such drugs which increases the job’s ability and reduces the limits. As for emerging technologies, they witness tremendous development and widespread in various areas of life. It has not only spread quantitatively, but has also become more qualitative; as it has become increasingly complex and has increased its operational and control requirements. It requires high levels of mental effort and has not required the amount of intellectual effort required nowadays. This is what the present paper is trying to highlight.

الكلمات المفتاحية

التحديات - الأرغونوميا- القرن الحادي والعشرين