مجلة المواقف
Volume 9, Numéro 1, Pages 35-47

The Rise Of Egyptian National Consciousness And Self-awareness Under Cromer (1883-1907) , .

Authors : Mama Wahiba Houre .

Abstract

In 1882, Britain intervened militarily in Egypt. The British intervention was intended to be temporary but it was soon revealed to be permanent. From 1883 to 1907 Egypt was ruled by Lord Cromer who served as Consul-General. Cromer’s policy provoked the antagonism of the Egyptian intelligentsia and led to the rise of national consciousness. Egyptian awareness manifested itself in the form of religious and political movements aiming either at reform or self-rule. This paper has a twofold target: while Cromer’s colonial policy in Egypt is explored, the attitude of Egyptian nationalists towards British policy is then examined.

Keywords

Egypt; Egyptian nationalists; British policy; Political movements; The Egyptian intelligentsia