مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 8, Numéro 1, Pages 111-127

سكة العلويين من خلال المتحف العمومي الوطني سيرتا

الكاتب : رزقي فهيمة .

الملخص

The Alawites sultans have minted coins from various metals in the Far Morocco in the middle of the seventeenth century. The local labels of these coins were varied in the Far Maghreb, where they were sometimes labeled according by names of Sultans traded on the Alawi government beginning from the seventeenth century AD including the Rashidiya, the Ismailia, the Muhammadiyah And Sulaymaniyah currency ..., and in other times they attributed to their place of the settlement like the Almknasi dirham, and sometimes to the value of the exchange such as the Five Dinar that equals five bracelets, the Six Dinar that equals six bracelets as they were attributed to caliber. The National Public Museum of Cirta in Constantine retains many Alawi coins minted along the period of the mid-eighteenth century and the nineteenth century AD. This period, in particular, witnessed a variation in the monetary system of the Maghreb. The first phase that represents the Mid-eighteenth century AD knew a limited spread of foreign currencies, and the prevalence and popularity of the two basic units recognized in the Islamic monetary system in general and the Moroccan in particular which are the gold and silver coins. However, the second phase defined in the nineteenth century AD knew the deterioration of the Moroccan Alawite currency where it witnessed the dominance of foreign currency which has become the contender of the Moroccan monetary system represented by the Spanish real and the French real. Moreover, the cash models preserved in Cirta Museum were characterized by their various types and names starting with their raw material of silver and copper, their weight and the period in which they were minted, as well as a variety of decoration, especially engineering, in addition to recording mintage house and date without mentioning Sultans’ names.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Far Morocco -The Alawites sultans- Coins alawites- Gold coins- Silver coins- Copper coins - Raw material- Silver- Copper- Currency Industry Techniques-Decoration.