Iles d Imesli
Volume 9, Numéro 1, Pages 83-92

La Définition Lexicographique En Amazighe : Carence Du Métalangage Et Excès Du Néologisme

Auteurs : Sghir Mustapha .

Résumé

Agzul Afad ad ttugant tsnmalin n usknawal nna d yusan d tinna ihyyan, ixṣṣa ad teṭṭf tutlayt yan uɣfutlay ibbuɣlan imyanaw. aɣfutlay ad ilaq ad akkw idl igran n umawal. tutlayin nna ittyuran sg zik ur ɣursnt timukrusin n usiki n uɣfutlay. walaynni, tutlayin nna innmyarn ad gnt ɣas tin wawal amm tutlayt tamaziɣt, da nn ɣursnt nttafa yan usiki imqqurm s uynna iẓlin ɣr uɣfutlay nɣd amawal anglam. takccumt ad tiwi d xf uɣfutlay amsnmal g tamaziɣt. amsknawal nna iswurin xf tutlayt tamaziɣt da cigan ittkrfas afad ad yaf tiguriwin nna d yusan ḥma ad yara tismanlin nna izmrn ad akkw ttint i inamkn nna tṭṭf tguri tunmilt. takccumt ad tra ad tml adɣar imqqurn nna illan ɣur uɣfutlay g tsnmalin d usiki nns nna nttannay g tutlayt tamaziɣt. ar tsmkal awd tɣawsa n usnulfu n tguriwin nna igan yat tmrarut i yikis nna illan. imkinna d tiwi awd xf tmukrisin nna s iẓḍar ad yawi usmrs n tguriwin tinulfutin ammas n tsnmalin n usknawal. g tigra, takccumt ad tnnaɣ ad tawi idsnt tsumar n tɣarasin nna iɣiyn ad ikks timukrisin ad. Abstract A language must have a rich and varied metalanguage that covers all lexical domains in order to develop reliable and sufficient lexicographical definitions. Languages that have entered the age of writing many centuries ago, normally, don’t suffer from deficiency in terms of the metalanguage. Unlike languages that started to be written a long time ago, languages with a oral tradition - among them amazighe language - experience shortcomings in terms of language description. This paper deals with amazighe definitional metalanguage. The lexicographer who works on this language tries to find and suggest the right words to definitions that cover all the meaning conveyed by defined word. This communication tries to shed light on the importance of metalanguage in terms of definition and the deficiency that amazighe language experiences in this field. It also deals with the question of neology as a response to this deficiency and all problems neologisms can generate. This contribution tries finally to propose some methods in order to overcome all these problems.

Mots clés

lexicography, amazighe, definition, meta-language, neologism.