Iles d Imesli
Volume 9, Numéro 1, Pages 43-65

De La Racine à La Lexie En Lexicographie

Auteurs : Lydia Guerchouh.

Résumé

Agzul Seg uẓar ɣer wawal deg tseknawalt Imi tira n tutlayt tamaziɣt ters ɣef uẓar, yewwi-d lḥal ad yili usismel, deg tseknawalt, ad yers ɣef-s. Imeskar, smenyifen tarrayt-a ɣef usismel yersen ɣef tewwura (awalen). Tarrayt-a i mazal tettwasemres deg yidrawalen isnirmanen ur nettak azal i usdukkel n tayunin n yiwen n unnar anmawal. Iswi-nneɣ, d asezrew n snat n tarrayin-a n usismel. Ad tent-id-nawi d tanmegla iwakken ad d-iban unagraw iwulmen i yal tasekka n usegzawal. Aya, ad d-yili ilmend n waṭas n temsal am tid yerzan iswan, aswir n yimeɣri n yisegzawalen-a. Ad d-nerr lwelha ɣer temsalt n yiknawen, tamsalt n tuɣalin ɣer uẓar azgerkud, tussda targalant, abeddel n tergalt deg tussda... ara d-nwali deg kra n yimawalen d yisegzawalen am wid n Dallet, Haddadou, Salhi, Berkai... Ad d-nwali amek i d-llant tmivranin-a deg usismel yersen ɣef uẓar. Abstract From the root to the lexicon in lexicography In this contribution, we intend to analyze the methods of classifying units in lexicography through published lexicological examples (Dallet, Haddadou, Salhi, Bouamara ...) in order to identify the techniques adopted and their regularities while comparing them in goal to identify the most appropriate technique by taking care of the type of readers and users, the purpose of the lexicon ... We will, therefore, focus on the linguistic phenomena of the polysemy, diachronic reconstitution inter or intra dialectally, consonantal tension, alteration of consonants by tension ... which will reveal the methods of taking charge of these phenomena by different lexicographic classification techniques.

Mots clés

Lexicography, diachronic reconstitution, consonantal tension, lexicographic classification, root classification, units classification