PhytoChem & BioSub Journal
Volume 8, Numéro 1, Pages 38-44

Effect Study Of Foliar Crude Essential Oils Of Colocynthis Vulgaris (l.) Schrad (cucurbitaceae) On Cholinesterase Activity Of The Imagos Of Schistocerca Gregaria (forskål, 1775)

Auteurs : Hamid Oudjana Aicha Aicha . Boudraissa Idriss . Mokadem Samia, Samia . Rouibah Meriem . Kemassi Abdellah . Boual Zakaria . Daddi Bouhoun Mustapha . Ould El Hadj Mohamed Didi .

Résumé

The present work focuses on the study of the effect of toxicity on cholinesterase activity and some physiological parameters in males and females of Schistocerca gregaria bred in the laboratory and exposed to crude essential oils of the leaves of Colocynthis vulgaris. The manifestations of general intolerance at this extract appear around 30 to 60 minutes after exposure, cholinesterase activity shows a decrease compared with the witnesses, she is 8.08 ± 2.65 nmol / min / ml in males and 16.34 ± 1.15 nmol / min / ml in females of Schistocerca gregaria treated by the extract essential oils from C. vulgaris. For lots of individuals treated, the rate of protein reveals a difference between females and males. Increases in males to reach 46.11 ± 16.17 mg / ml, whereas it is 35 ± 13.22 mg / ml in female individuals. However , the specific activity of individuals treated decreased in males (0.19 ± 0.04 nmol / min / mg ), but seems stable for females treated with 0.49 ± 0.26 nmol / min / mg. Similarly, individuals Schistocerca gregaria exposed to foliar extract of crude essential oils, reveal disturbances in neurochemical and behavioral responses, from which increased toxicity of this extract of C. Vulgaris.

Mots clés

Cholinesterase, toxicity , C. vulgaris , S. gregaria , essential oils

Etude De L’effet Des Huiles Essentielles Brutes Foliaires De Colocynthis Vulgaris (l.) Schrad (cucurbitaceae) Sur L’activite Cholinesterasique Chez Des Imagos De Schistocerca Gregaria (forskål, 1775)

Hamid Oudjana Aicha .  Boudraissa Idriss .  Mokadem Samia .  Rouibah Meriem .  Kemassi Abdellah .  Boual Zakaria .  Ould El Hadj Mohamed Didi . 
pages 91-97.


Study Of The Toxicity Of The Crude Acetone Leaf Extract Of Euphorbia Guyoniana Boiss. And Reut. (euphorbiaceae) In Schistocerca Gregaria (forskål, 1775) (orthoptera-acrididea)

Kemassi Abdellah .  Bouziane Nawal .  Boual Zkaria .  Mesbahi Zakaria .  Ghenabzia Mouna .  Kafi Mounira .  Benbrahim Fouzi .  Hadjseyd Aek .  Gharib Toufik .  Ould El Hadj-khelil Aminata .  Ould Elhadj Mohamed Didi . 
pages 2-13.


Toxicite Comparee Des Huiles Essentielles Brutes Foliaires De Trois Plantes Spontanees Recoltees Au Sahara Algerien Sur Les Larves Et Les Imagos De Schistocerca Gregaria (forskål, 1775) (orthoptera-cyrtacanthacridinae)

Kemassi Abdellah .  Hellali Naima .  Boual Zakaria .  Bouziane Nawel .  Ould El Hadj-khelil Aminata .  Hadj-mahammed Mahfoud .  Ould Elhadj Mohamed Didi . 
pages 34-42.