Revue Nature et Technologie
Volume 5, Numéro 1, Pages 17-22

Mathematical Model For Controlling Thermal Deformation In Composite Beam With Sinusoidal Fiber Volume Fraction

Auteurs : Zidi Mohamed . Belhadj Abdesselem Hichem . Ziane Noureddine . Bakhti Karima . Merdaci Slimane . Tounsi Abdelouahed .


Many thin structural components such as beams, plates and shells experience a through – thickness temperature variation. This temperature variation can produce both an in-plane expansion and an out-of-plane (bending) curvature. For use in engineering structures, we often wish to minimize the thermal deformation of a component or to match it to the thermal deformation of another component. This is accomplished by using a composite whose fibers have a negative axial thermal expansion coefficient. By varying the fiber volume fraction within a symmetric laminated beam to create a functionally graded material (FGM), certain thermal deformations can be controlled or tailored. Specifically, a beam can be designed which does not curve under a steady – state through – thickness temperature variation. Continuous gradation of the fiber volume fraction in the FGM layer is modeled in the form of sinusoid function of the coordinate axis in thickness direction of the beam. The beam results are independent of the actual temperature values, within the limitations of steady – state heat transfer and constant material properties. The influence of volume fiber fraction distributions are studied to match or eliminate an in –plane expansion coefficient, or to match a desired axial stiffness. Combining two fiber types to create a hybrid FGM can offer desirable increase in axial and bending stiffness while still retaining the useful thermal deformation behavior.

Mots clés

Composite materials, Fiber volume fraction, Thermal deformation

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