Revue Nature et Technologie
Volume 3, Numéro 2, Pages 12-16

Dynamical Variational Approach For Trapped Gases At Finitetemperature

Authors : Benarous Mohamed .

Abstract

We analyze the static TDHFB equations in the Thomas-Fermi limit for a gas of bosons in a harmonic trap. These equations naturally generalize the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We first build a simple enough method that allows for the determination of the various density profiles. At zero temperature, we obtain familiar expressions for the chemical potential and the condensate radius. The standard Thomas-Fermi profile for the condensate density is also recovered. For finite temperatures and above the transition, we derive analytical expressions for the condensate radius, the chemical potential, the number of condensed atoms and the depletion as functions of the temperature. We observe that the condensate radius and the column density are surprisingly very slow functions of the temperature. Furthermore, the non-condensed density, although being quite uniform inside the trap, grows rapidly with the temperature. These facts imply therefore that the condensed atoms are very strongly attached and exhibit a certain robustness against ''decondensation''. Moreover, the transition to the non condensed phase seems to be much more controlled by the thermal cloud which rapidly grows from the borders toward the centre of the trap

Keywords

Bose-Einstein condensation; variational equations; TDHFB; Thomas-Fermi