Iles d Imesli
Volume 8, Numéro 1, Pages 63-76

Eléments (auto)biographiques Dans Les Cahiers De Belaid Ou La Kabylie D’antan

Auteurs : Hacid Farida .


D Belɛi dAt-Ɛli i d amezwaru i d-yessadfen tiwsatin timaynutin ɣer tsekla taqbaylit am wungal d tullist, yerna daɣen igmer-d tasekla taqburt am timucuha. Ad nebnu tasleḍt-nneɣ ɣef krad n yiḍrisen n Belɛid At Ɛli : Tafunast igujilen, Jeddi, Amezwaru unebdu. Deg yal yiwen deg yiḍrisen-a, ad d-nekkes iferdisen n tmeddurt (am waktayen d tneqqisin n tuder neɣ taggiwin n medden) i d-ikeccmen ɣer tɣessa n yiḍrisen-agi ama s wudem usrid ama s wudem arusrid. Aḍris wis kraḍ isɛa tulmisin n uḍris n tmeddurt tanimant (akken i tent-id-yessefhem Ph. Le Jeune). Tamukrist-nneɣ, ihi, ad d-tawi ɣef tmeddurt deg krad n yeḍrisen-agi n Belɛid At Ɛli, ad nwali amek i d-keccmen waktayen deg yiḍrisen-agi, ad nwali daɣen acu i d-rnan di tmeddurt tusligt n Belɛid neɣ tin yecrek akked medden. Abstract This contribution discusses three works by Belaid Ait Ali, a prolific, Kabyle, author (1909-1950) who is considered as a precursor in such literary genres as the novel and the short story. This literary production has preserved for posterity the vernacular form of tales and stories, in a word, traditional cultural expressions. Our concern is to bring to the fore the (auto) biographical elements inherent in the first two works which are Tafunast Igujilen (literally the Orphans’ Cow), Jeddi (Grandfather). As for the third text, Amezwaru unebdu (First day of summer), it is our opinion that it partakes of the autobiography genre as defined by Pillipe Lejeune. Our aim is twofold: in the first place we intend to identify the autobiographical data and show their impact on the first two texts. Secondly, we'll see how memories punctuate these stories and what is their impact on private and community life of the latter. These three texts, dominated by the influence of the family and that of the village or Kabyle society on the child, present the latent characteristics and / or overt autobiographical narratives.

Mots clés

(Auto)biographie, récit, genre, oeuvre, mémoire,