Iles d Imesli
Volume 7, Numéro 1, Pages 111-122

Le Modèle Alimentaire Des Communautés Villageoises Du Djurdjura Au Travers Des « Qanun-s » De Leurs Assemblées De Villages.

Auteurs : Houria Abdennebi-oularbi.

Résumé

Agzul Mazal ur yeεfis taqacuct n ğerğer (1857) mi anesbaddu amharsan yebda yettehekkir di tejmuya, tiden n tudrin, neγ tiden n laεrac neγ tiden n zawwiyat. Tajmayεit deg-s i yella rruh n wegdud acku deg-s iyi –ferru wegraw timsal-is, yeddukul wawal-is. Qbel ur d-kcimen tamurt, iserdassen irumiyen zzin-d itebbura n wedrar di temnadt n Draε lmizan, amenzad Hanoteau, skud ijemmeε-d leγrama, yettaru ilugan n tejmaεit (lεurf) iwakken ad yessebd-d ccraε irumiyen di tmurt. Di tira -nni i yurra urumi ilugan, n tejmayεit, issennef-iten, yefka-yasen talγa-nniden s wudem n ccraε –nsen di tallit anda imγaren di tejmayεit tsenniden γar wayen yellan n ilugan akken ad snulfun wiyad neγ ad γedlen iqdimen yeğğa lweqt.Llan ilugan yaεnan timezlit yezgaren (Timecredt), wiyad n tuččit n weksum (Taseglut), wiyad amek teceččay taddart s nnuba abaranni (Tinnubga).Yella daγ wayen icudden γar lγella am ulqad n tazart (Tamuqqint) neγ ahucu n tugga, neγ nnuba n wamman d ufras n tzuliγin. Anwa afrun n wucci id-ssebganen leqwanen n tejmuyεa di lqern XIX di tmurt n leqbayel? Abstract As soon as the colonial authorities proceeded to the conquest of Djudjura (1857), they payed attention to the assemblies of villages, of tribes, of zawiya. These assemblies gathered the people, managed the affairs of the community by the enactment of regulations. When the French service men settled in the months of the mountain (circle of Draa lmizan), commander Hanoteau asked to collect the taxes. He had also gathered and transcribed the qanun of assemblies of villages. The assembly of village drew from these oral qanun as from a matrix to promulgate regulations or to abolish others. Few artic les in these qanun deal with the food, with the offence concerning the meat-based food Taseglut. The assembly of village regulates the slaughter of animals, of Timecredt, the hospitality Tinnubga that must offer the village on the foreigners. Some qanun concern the date of harvests of figs or the distribution of waters, pickings of vegetables Tamuqqint. We go to see what food model is outlined through the qanun of the assemblies of villages in the second half of the XIXth century in Kabylia of Djurdjura?

Mots clés

Assemblies of villages, qanun, food model, the militaries, meats, Kabylia of Djurdjura, XIXème century.