social and human sciences review مجلة العلوم الاجتماعية والانسانية
Volume 12, Numéro 25, Pages 155-190

ﻋﻧف اﻷطﻔﺎل وﻋﻼﻗﺗﮫ ﺑﻣؤﺳﺳﺎت اﻟﺗﻧﺷﺋﺔ اﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﯾﺔ. ﺗﻼﻣﯾذ اﻹﻛﻣﺎﻟﯾﺎت ﻧﻣوذﺟﺎ

الكاتب : زرﻓﮫ ﺑوﻟﻘواس .

الملخص

ﺗﻬدف ﻫذﻩ اﻟدراﺳﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻛﺷف ﻋن اﻟﻌواﻣل اﻟﻣﺳﺑﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻧف داﺧل اﻟﻣدارس وﻋﻼﻗﺗﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺗﻧﺷﺋ ﺔ اﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻷﺳرة واﻟﻣدرﺳﺔ، وذﻟك ﺑﺎﻟﺗرﻛﯾز ﻋﻠﻰ أﺳﺎﻟﯾب اﻟﺗﻧﺷﺋﺔ اﻷﺳرﯾﺔ، ﻛﺄﺳﻠوب اﻟﺗﺳﺎﻣﺢ، اﻟﺗذﺑذب، اﻟﻘﺳوة، اﻟﻌﻧﺎﯾﺔ اﻟزاﺋدة، اﻹﻫﻣﺎل، ﺛم اﻟﺗﻌرف ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻣﺳﺑﺑﺎت اﻷﺧرى ﻟﻠظﺎﻫرة ﻓﻲ ﺑﯾﺋﺔ اﻟﻣدرﺳﺔ اﻟﻣﺗﻣﺛﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻷﺳﺗﺎذ، طﺑﯾﻌﺔ اﻟﻣﺎدة ﻋﻠﻣﯾﺔ أم أدﺑﯾﺔ، اﻹدارة اﻟﻣدرﺳﯾﺔ، ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻗﺗراح ﺑﻌض اﻟﺣﻠول ﻟﻠﺣد ﻣن اﻧﺗﺷﺎر اﻟظﺎﻫرة . وﻗد ﺗوﺻﻠت اﻟدراﺳﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻣﺟﻣوﻋﺔ ﻣن اﻟﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ أﻫﻣﻬﺎ: أن اﻟﻌﻧف ﻣوﺟود ﻓﻲ اﻹﻛﻣﺎﻟﯾﺗﯾن-ﻋﯾﻧﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ-وﻓﻲ ﻛل اﻟﻣﺳﺗوﯾﺎت ﺑﺗﻧﺎﺳب ﻋﻛﺳﻲ، أي ﯾﺗﻧﺎﻗص ﻛﻠﻣﺎ ﺗم اﻻﻧﺗﻘﺎل إﻟﻰ ﻣﺳﺗوى أﻋﻠﻰ، و ﻓﺋﺔ اﻟذﻛور ﻫم أﻛﺛر ﻣﻣﺎرﺳﺔ ﻟﺳﻠوك اﻟﻌﻧف ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﺑﻔﺋﺔ اﻹﻧﺎث، ﻛﻣﺎ أن ﻷﺳﺎﻟﯾب اﻟﺗﻧﺷﺋﺔ اﻷﺳرﯾﺔ دور ا ﻛﺑﯾر ا ﻓﻲ ﻣﻣﺎرﺳﺔ اﻟﺗﻠﻣﯾذ ﻟﺳﻠوك اﻟﻌﻧف وﻣﻧﻬﺎ أﺳﻠوب اﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ اﻟﻣﺗذﺑذب. ﻛﻣﺎ ﻛﺷﻔت اﻟدراﺳﺔ اﻛﺗﺳﺎب اﻟﺗﻼﻣﯾذ ﻟﺳﻠوك ﻋﻧف ﺟدﯾد ﻓﻲ اﻟﻣدرﺳﺔ ﯾرﺗﺑط وﺳوء ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺑﻌض اﻷﺳﺎﺗذة ﻟﻬم ﻣن ﺟﻬﺔ أﺧرى، إﻻ أن ،ﺑﺻﻌوﺑﺔ ﺑﻌض اﻟﻣواد ﻣن ﺟﻬﺔ ﺑدﻟﯾل أن أﻏﻠب اﻟﻣﺑﺣوﺛﯾن ﻛﺎﻧوا ، ﺳﻠوك اﻟﻌﻧف اﻟﻣﻛﺗﺳب ﻓﻲ اﻷﺳرة ﯾﺳﺗﻣر ﻣﻊ اﻟﺗﻠﻣﯾذ ﻣﻬﯾﺋﯾن ﻟﻣﻣﺎرﺳﺔ اﻟﻌﻧف، ﺑﺄﺷﻛﺎﻟﻪ اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ. ﻓﺎﻹﯾﻣﺎءات واﻟﺣرﻛﺎت اﻟﺗﻲ ﯾﻘوم ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﺗﻠﻣﯾذ ﻛﺛﯾرا ﻣﺎ ﺗﺑطن ﻓﻲ داﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﺳﻠوﻛﺎ ﻋﻧﯾﻔﺎ. This study aims to uncover causal factors of violence within the schools and its relationship with the most important institutions of socialization: family and school, focusing on methods of family upbringing such as tolerance, volatility, cruelty, extra care, negligence, and then to identify other causes of the phenomenon in the vicinity of school related to each of the teacher, the nature of the material, school management as to propose some solutions to this phenomenon. The study found a results: the phenomenon of violence in the two school samples at all levels decreases with the transition to higher levels, and that males are more violent than females. Also, it was found that methods of family up bringing plays a major role in the pupil’s practice of violence. The study also revealed pupils gained the behaviour of new violence in school because of the difficulty of some materials and ill-treatment of teachers. Violent behaviour syndrome in the family continues with the students who were prepared for violence

الكلمات المفتاحية

ﻋﻧف اﻷطﻔﺎل . ﻣؤﺳﺳﺎت اﻟﺗﻧﺷﺋﺔ اﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﯾﺔ. اﻟﻣدارس. اﻟﻌﻧف . violence .

اﻟدﻋﺎﯾﺔ واﻟدﻋوة اﻟدﯾﻧﯾﺔ اﻟﻣوﺟﻬﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻷطﻔﺎل ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﻧوات اﻟﻔﺿﺎﺋﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﺧﺻﺻﺔ ﻟﻸطﻔﺎل

ﻫﺎﺷــــــــــــم اﺣﻣـــــــــــــــد ﻧﻐﯾﻣــــــش اﻟﺣﻣـــــــــــﺎﻣـــﻲ . 
ص 8-30.