social and human sciences review مجلة العلوم الاجتماعية والانسانية
Volume 11, Numéro 23, Pages 113-136

ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺴﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ

الكاتب : ﻤﻠﻴﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻱ .

الملخص

ﺘﻬﺩﻑ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﺱ، ﺍﻨﻁﻼﻗﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺃﺒﺴﻁ ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺃﻱ ﻨﺹ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ .ﻭﻟﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺴﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻲ. ﻓﺤﺎﻭﻟﺕ ﺭﺒﻁ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺕ ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ، ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯﺓ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﺔ، ﻭﺍﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻘﻁﺔ، ﻭﻤﺎ ﺤﻘﻘﺘﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺩﻻﻻﺕ ﺇﻋﺠﺎﺯﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻀﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ. ﻭﻗﺩ ﺨﻠﺼﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺩﺩ ﺁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﺒﺎﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻘﻁﺔ .ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺤﻀﻭﺭ ﺃﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺃﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﺤﻤل ﺩﻻﻻﺕ ﺇﻋﺠﺎﺯﻴﺔ ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻅﻤﻬﺎ ﺒﺄﻋﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﺭﺩﻴﺔ ﺩﻟﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﷲ. ﻜل ﻫﺫﺍ ﻴﻀﺎﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﺭﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻼﻏﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻻﻟﻲ ﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﺱ. This study aims to present the complete image of this holy book, starting from studying the simplest components of any text which are phonemes, and to deepen this study; « SURAH AL FATIHA » (the opener) was the practical example, so I tried to find the relationship between phoneme and the word’s meaning. Then, I went further to count the used phonemes, and the unmentioned ones, and the miraculous significations and aesthetic spaces they have. The study has led us to confirm that the number of verses of « AL FATIHA » (the opener) is related to unmentioned phonemes. Also the presence of some phonemes and the absence of some others have brought some miraculous significations that were mostly related to uneven numbers signifying the uniqueness of « ALLAH ». All this to be added to grammatical, rhetorical, syntactical, and semantic cogency of this holy book.

الكلمات المفتاحية

ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ . ﺴﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ . ﺩﻻﻻﺕ ﺇﻋﺠﺎﺯﻴﺔ . ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﺭﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻼﻏﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻻﻟﻲ . phonemes. SURAH AL FATIHA . grammatical, rhetorical, syntactical, and semantic cogency