دراسات إنسانية واجتماعية
Volume 7, Numéro 1, Pages 349-373

الروح النقديّة عند ابن خلدون

الكاتب : Besnaci Mohammed .

الملخص

There is no doubt about the genius of Ibn Khaldûn. Indeed, Ibn Khaldûn has made several notable advances in some areas of knowledge such as the treatment of the historical corpus, the creation of a field dealing with social societies (the purpose was to describe the society from many points of view: sociologically, politically, economically and culturally). He also invented a kind of philosophy of history that seeks to establish laws governing the evolution of history. This field tends also to explain the events that occur within societies. However, until now, there are differences about the classification of Ibn Khaldûn’s work; it is so difficult to put it under one specific field rather than the other. This difficulty arises from the encyclopedic knowledge of Ibn Khaldûn. In fact, he mastered several subjects. In addition, there is a second discrepancy about the origin of the extraordinary genius of our Arab scholar. So, this latter will be the starting point of this contribution. We want to explore the critical thinking which is, we believe, the main reason that could explain Ibn Khaldûn’s intelligence. We will develop the manifestations of critical thinking through the study of some cases that reflect it. To achieve this goal, we will analyze some statements from Prolegomena that deal both with the theory of Assabiyya and the theme of exegesis.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Ibn Khaldûn; the theory of Assabiyya; critical thinking; exegesis,;recounting history; the archaeology of knowledge; methodical discourse.