مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 3, Numéro 10, Pages 33-41

المدن والتمدن في الصحراء الكبرى قديما: دراسة حالة عاصمة شعب الغرامنت "مدينة غرمة".

الكاتب : بن عطيالله عبد الرحمان .

الملخص

Different peoples of the ancient Sahara, one of the Garamantes was certainly the largest, most powerful and also the most advanced. The heart of this civilization was in de l'actuelle southern Libya, near the mountains of Fezzan. It is no exaggeration to say that there existed une culture garamantique fed a trans-Saharan trade which provided the relations between north paysdu impregnated Mediterranean civilizations and southern savannah where houses African cultures. The name of Garam means "people of the house", The many ruins of Wadi El-Agial Show in favor of this hypothesis. Herodotus cites Garamantians among peoples living inside Libya and is their country thirty days from the Mediterranean.Tite Livy and Strabo place vaguely Garamantians near Emporia Little Sirte. They range from Gétules north and south Ethiopians. At the beginning of our era, the Roman Empire was expanding and rich colonies in Africa-that is to say North Africa - had to be pacified and protected. In 20 J.C. before the proconsul of Africa L. Cornelius Balbus went to conquer the country Garamantian and captured its capital Garama today Gera. The valley of Wadi El-Agial is extraordinarily rich in tombs of various types. Italian archaeologists have counted, necropolis by cemetery, 59,680 graves.

الكلمات المفتاحية

the ancient Sahara;the Garamantes;Mediterranean civilizations ;North Africa