مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 5, Numéro 17, Pages 161-179
الكاتب : عطابي سناء .
Since the foundation of the first islamic cities as El-koufah, El-Basra, El-Fustat, and El-Kayraouan, the distribution of population remains a tradition in the Islamic world and Maghreb generally, and in the central Maghreb especially. These were distributed from the center to the extremities, interfused by alleys (zuqaq,darb) that we can say it the pant of society and gives the image of its social relations. More essentially, these relations had token several forms and different domains, that’s why, the mission of El-Faqih and El-Muhtassib (the responsible of controlling the social and economic activities in the city) in organizing these relations according to urban measures which express the urban vision of Islamic Fiqh, became more difficult. According to this theory, many juridical and theoretical, or pragmatic texts have been found to treat the issues caused by the quotidian shock between the different individuals and categories in this important part of urban domain. So, we will try through this research, to extract, from these juridical sources , the different historic information about the nature of organizing the alleys and the houses in the urban cities, and about the different rights desired by all the parts of conflict in this urban domain. Without forgetting to emphasizing on the attitude of juridical authority and its role in keeping the urban organization. The subject of Islamic urbanism had token a big part from the orientalism studies, and though some accusations which say that the Islamic civilization is incapable of putting bases and laws to adjust the good going of the town. However, there are some ones who had apprehend that the Islamic Fiqh is actually capable to create rules which organize the urban domain.
islamic;Islamic world;Maghreb ;zuqaq,darb;social relations;Islamic Fiqh