مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 5, Numéro 17, Pages 9-20

التجارة ومواردها في إفريقيا الوندالية

الكاتب : آيت عمارة ويزة .

الملخص

: The views of historians remain ambiguous on the history of the Vandals. The sources that refer to this people are rare. In the early fifth century, the Vandals invaded Gaul and Spain. They decided, then, to conquer new spaces. To expand their territory to North Africa, they left, in 429, Iberia and penetrated in Africa through the Straits of Gibraltar. This expansion was led by Genseric that took advantage of the circumstances in which Africa was at that time. We cannot exclude the hypothesis that it was the wealth of Africa that attracted vandal leaders. The Vandals did not encounter any resistance. They ruled over Africa for nearly a century. These "conquerors" had no experience in agriculture. If they dispossessed African and Roman families of their estates, they took good care to keep them on hand to exploit the land for the new settlers. The overall situation of Africans became better during the Vandal period, especially economically. The populations’ living conditions improved: lower taxes, wheat Rome no longer levied, goods prices down, especially the prices of cereals, consumed in large quantities in Africa. The sources do not wonder much on the economy and trade in Africa at that time. Beyond the commercial transactions on agricultural and industrial products, Albertini’s tablets tell us about the slave trade or sale of lands. As for foreign trade, vandal Africa forged trade relations with various countries. It exported at that time, wheat, flax, wood and other products. Imports, meanwhile, were minimal; Africa was living in almost "self-sufficiency", thanks to the generosity of its fertile soil.

الكلمات المفتاحية

historians remain;history;Vandals;people; territory ;North Africa;Africa;resistance;economy; trade;commercial transactions; foreign trade;relations