مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 5, Numéro 20, Pages 340-365

المفاوضات الجزائرية الفرنسية (المعركة السياسية)

الكاتب : حاج عبد القادر يخلف .

الملخص

This was a political negotiation marathon battle, in which the Algerian delegation peer-stop position of the French delegation, which held talks with him in all stages from beginning to end. Despite the political savvy who knew about General de Gaulle he was forced to give up his pride and negotiate with the Provisional government of the Republic of the Algerian delegation, after having exhausted all his plans to contain the crisis in Algeria. The beginning was a political maneuver in Melun between 25 and 29 June 1960 talks, and before the hardening of the Algerian delegation, which was literally applied to the conditions approved by the National Council for the Revolution, as well as condensing the Algerian people with the revolutionary leadership through demonstrations December 11, 1960 in Algiers and demonstrations position October 17, 1961 in Paris, And the army to continue military operations in rural and urban areas, Against the non-acceptance of the Europeans in Algeria and military leaders to declare de Gaulle judge rightly Algerians to self-determination in 16/09/1959, and the act of attempting a military coup against him between 22 and 29 April 1961 in the capital Algerian have failed. Findings of these events and other reasons, and out of fear for the unity of France, de Gaulle decided to terminate Algeria crisis formal and serious negotiations in several rounds, the last Evian second between 7 and March 18, 1962, where the cease-fire was decided in the entire national territory, starting from March 19 on the clock 12. Pursuant to the provisions of these agreements was a referendum of self-determination on 1 July 1962, by which the Algerian people voted in favor of independence, to be the birth of the Algerian People's Democratic Republic in 5 July of the same year.

الكلمات المفتاحية

negotiation; Algerian delegation;French delegation;government;demonstrations