Bulletin des sciences géographiques de l'INCT
Volume 10, Numéro 1, Pages 56-65

Application Du Sig Et De La Télédétection Dans La Gestion Des Feux De Forêts En Algérie

Auteurs : Belhadj Mostefa . Belhadj-aissa Aichouche . Smara Youcef .


Algeria is affected by fourteen major risks and the means for the management of these disasters are limited and often inadequate. The major risks can be divided into two categories: (i) The first concerns natural disasters and includes earthquakes, landslides, floods. forest fires, storms and violent winds. drought and acridian invasions. (ii) The second is related to technological disasters. Il includes fires-explosions, pollution. and biologic risks as well as air. sea. railway and road accidents. these 1isks are managed by highly regulated and technical means. generally conventional, likely to eliminate risks endangering people, property and the environment. These natural disasters are inevitable. but il is possible to minimize the potential risk by developing disaster early warning strategies using Remote sensing and GIS technologies. by preparing and implementi.ng plans to provide resilience to such disaster and to facilitate rehabilitation and minimize the after effects of the disaster. In fact, space technologies play a crucial role in efficient mitigation and management of disasters. This communication describes the role of remote sensing and Geographical information System (GIS) in evolving a suitable strategy for disaster manage­ment in Alge1ia and evolvi.ng an occupational framework for the monitoring, assessment and mitigation these disasters and particularly forest fires where we caried out these new technologies with the collaboration of the services of civil protection in our country. This communication also identifies gap areas and recommends appropriate strategies for forest fires management using these technologies.

Mots clés

cartographie. éléments du risque. incendie. forêt. catastrophe. méthodes, besoins. analyse spatiale. données.