مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 7, Numéro 26, Pages 170-186

كتاب الفصل في الملل والأهواء والنحل لابن حزم الأندلسي ومكانته في علم مقارنة الأديان

الكاتب : أعزيبي زهوة .

الملخص

Cultural scientists, reformers and philosophers were very interested in Ibn Hazem El Andaloussi and his relegions cultural and scientific patrimony, for he founded the basics of many genders of sciences which still comfirm their values among which his book «Al Fasl fi-l Milal wa-l Ahwa’i wa-l Nihal» . It is concidered as the first encyclopedia in the science of «comparative study of the relegions» . The book treated the different situations of different relegions such as the Judaism, Christianism and the many Islamic Sects and also the atheism and so forth ... Ibn Hazem wanted to put an end to relegious rivalities between the different relegious sects in Andalusia. He declared war to all the extremist ideas as he countered the doubtfull ideas of the Islam Sects . The book was of a great historical, intelectual and documentary value for what it recorded in the intelectual, social, politic and economic history of the various Islamic sects and other groups in Andalusia. The book was distinguished from others by its knowledge of resources of the relegions and sects. The book treated these sects in such a way that it put theories about Judaism and Chrestianism by which he advanced the erudies of these two relegions. Ibn Hazem studied scientifically relegions. His study relied on the scientific analysis and historical criticism. This made him a unique historian. He refuted many relegions story texts in a scientific and logic way. For his refusal was based upon the methodological criticism. He also made use of this method to confirm the state of the transmitters of the information. To reach objectivity and reality, he was assisted by sciences

الكلمات المفتاحية

Cultural scientists;philosophers;Ibn Hazem El Andaloussi;relegions cultural; scientific patrimony;Al Fasl fi-l Milal wa-l Ahwa’i wa-l Nihal