مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 7, Numéro 26, Pages 145-169

مصطلح المغرب الأوسط في المصادر الإسلامية الوسيطية

الكاتب : حاج عبد القادر يخلف .

الملخص

The term "Ifriqiya" first term commonly used in Islamic sources to indicate the country's Berbers, has appeared with Waaqidi (d. 207 AH) in his book «Fouttouh Ifriqiya», and will be added to this term later, the term" Bilad El-Maghreb" to differentiate between the Muslim East, which offset the Islamic Maghreb. And it will be shown during the 3rd century the term Islamic Maghreb equivalent of North Africa, in the words of Ibn Abd al-Hakam (d. 257 AH), the Maghreb was divided into three states in the period between 160 to 184 hegira will bring new labels (Aghlabids "Near Maghreb"- Rustamids "East Maghreb"- Idrisids "Far Maghreb"), and it will continue to handle these labels to the era of Hafsids dynasty - Ziyanid dynasty - Marinid dynasty. The al-Bakri (d. 487 AH) first used the term East Maghreb from Islamic sources during the 5th century AH/11th century AD, then the term has become a trader in the Islamic sources that came after him. With the observation that some sources retained the use of the term African and Maghreb as Maghreb became a political unit (the Ubeydid «Fatimids» era- the Almoravids and Almohads era). And a variety of sources that used the term encompassing East Maghreb (geography books, trips, and history and genealogy books, and biographies, Islamic politics and the judiciary, and literature books For reference, the term East Maghreb later released on what became known as Algeria, it is also reported when many sources as the Midwest, and some sources are sometimes used the term East Maghreb and sometimes hired the Midwest to denote the same geographical framework, and it was Idrisi first to do so. To signal also the Ibn Khaldoun Abdul Rahman is one of the more resources that are used two terms in its history.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Ifriqiya; Islamic ; Berbers;Waaqidi;Fouttouh Ifriqiya; Bilad El-Maghreb;Muslim East;Islamic Maghreb;North Africa