Volume 10, Numéro 4, Pages 293-308
The present investigation undertaken under the Labovian paradigm (1966) of language variation and change is a preliminary attempt to shed light on dialect change in the speech community of Frenda with particular reference to the bedouin-sedentary dichotomy. In this respect, this study examines possible correlation between speakers’ variable linguistic behaviour and other extra-linguistic variables. More particularly, much emphasis is directed toward quantitatively analysing two phonological variables /lqa/ and its variants [lqa] and [lga] and the Arabic standard diphthong /ay/ and its variants the long vowel /-i:/. The total number of population is (59) distributed by (45) male and (14) female speakers aged between 6-80 years old being born and raised in Frenda. Quantitative analysis shows tight correlation between speakers’ linguistic use and social variables namely age and gender. Younger-age speakers lead variation towards sedentary features shifting away from old bedouin variants. Language attitudes represent a driving force towards dialect change as speakers avoid bedouin socially-stigmatised dialectal features and exhibit sedentary socially-accepted ones.
Frenda Spoken Arabic ; Dialect Variation ; Dialect Change ; Phonological Variation ; Bedouin-Sedentary Dichotomy ; Language Attitudes