Volume 8, Numéro 2, Pages 537-558
The most important cases of language contact in Africa came about as the result of European colonization. Long before the latter, the North of the continent witnessed Roman, Ottoman, and Arab movements of settlement which led to varying linguistic compromise for the purposes of trade and barter. All of these occasions contributed to the creation of new communities in which the colonial languages came closer to the indigenous languages of the colonized. In extreme cases such as the Big Maghreb, contact led to the emergence of Creoles and indigenized languages. The best example of these is Algerian Arabic (AA) which is a blend of Berber, Roman, Arabic, Turkish and European vocabulary with unchanging grammatical rules of Classical Arabic. Our enquiry in this study was to uncover the reality of what we practically speak in Algeria as language (s), especially in the region of Biskra, and to justify the community's linguistic needs and aspirations. The study emploued questionnaires and relied on observation for the collection of data from third year students. The results revealed that Algerian Arabic is the major means of communication and unity in the country though there are many language backgrounds. The results also revealed that Arabic and Tamazight could preserve their status despite the influence of several other languages such as Roman, Spanish, Ottoman and French. Besides, the participants justified their choice of English by their legitimate need for more opportunities and openness to the world.
language contact; Creoles and indigenized languages; Algerian Arabic; Arabic and Tamazight; openness to the world
Hoadjli Ahmed Chaouki