Nutrition & Santé
Volume 10, Numéro 1, Pages 17-26

Dietary Intakes Of An Algerian Pregnant Women Population

Authors : Bayazid Amina . Hammoulia Wahiba . Larouci Fatiha .


Abstract Introduction. Nutrition during pregnancy has a significant impact on a women’s health, but also on the long-term health of offspring. There are very few national data on the usual dietary intake of pregnant women. Objective. to assess the nutritional intake of a sample of pregnant by the 24 hour recall method repeated over 3 days. Subjects and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire among 100 pregnant women receiving prenatal care at a major mother and child specialized hospital in Sidi-Bel-Abbes city (Algeria). Results. The average intake of energy, fat and carbohydrate were lower than the recommendations, while on the contrary, those of protein and dietary fiber were higher. In most women, protein needs were covered while carbohydrate and lipids needs were not. Compared to the calorie ration, proteins represent 16.7%, carbohydrate 55.1% and lipids 28.2%. The contribution of the food groups to the total energy intake was as follow : cereal-based products 33.5%, dairy products 23%, fruits and vegetables 15.2%, sweet products 14.4% and meats 12.6%.The average intakes observed in micronutrients were below the average nutritional requirements with the exception of vitamins C , B6, B12,beta carotene, Retinol. More than 40% of women were below the recommendation for vitamins C, D, A, E, B1, B2, B6, B3, B9, B12, magnesium, calcium and iron. Conclusion. Pregnancy is a privileged moment for carrying out awareness raising actions in the area of nutrition. Therefore, it should be used to provide advice in favor of a healthy diet and maintaining physical activity.


Pregnant women ; Nutritional intake ; Energy ; Micronutrients ; Macronutrients ; Algeria