مجلة عصور الجديدة
Volume 6, Numéro 25, Pages 368-383

توظيف الرواية الشفوية في كتابة تاريخ الجهة الأهمية وحدود الاستخدام

الكاتب : عماري الحسين .

الملخص

The use of the oral tradition in the writing of regional/local history Importance and limits of use. In the context of the interest taken by our country to regionalization from multiple angles related to the political development of the national cause and the fact that regionalization has become a political choice as it represents the essential foundation for development economic and balanced social and cultural harmony, as a tool to overcome many of the problems at hand. And since the regional history is an essential part of the memory of a nation, and because "a nation without memory without history", research into local history has become of great importance and of great interest to researchers at the university level, to the point that some have considered this approach as a "head locomotive update process of academic memory" for the renewal of desire based on a variety of mechanisms, such as broadening the concept of history, the development of the field sources, and engage in the framework of the humanities to write a comprehensive history that cares for the society / community and its dynamism and openness to others sciences to view the styles of contemporary writing and achievements of the social sciences, and beyond the narrow concept of the historical document that is that history is not written only where there's written documents. And from the results of this opening, historians have given a great interest in the use of oral traditions saved and transmitted as a source of historical sources, especially after their conviction that "the history of the social context in which the researcher not seeking news of the mouth of men is necessarily inferior to any side ", and a good understanding of the history of everyday life can not be done without the use of field research, the fact that oral culture enjoys great prestige and growing interest in historical sources. Given the importance that has become the verbal text in this context, this article aims to answer the following questions: - What is the concept of the oral heritage in general? - What is the concept of oral history, its importance, and its characteristics? - What is the concept of oral tradition, its importance, and its characteristics? - What approach oral history, and what are the stages of research in the field of oral tradition? - What are the constraints posed by the verbal text used in the writing of local history and some of the ways to overcome them? - Recommendations

الكلمات المفتاحية

oral-tradition-history-development-national -development-economic- social - cultural-memory